Mechanism of Unidirectional Liquid-Crystal Alignment on Polyimides with Linearly Polarized Ultraviolet Light Exposure
Unidirectional liquid-crystal(LC) alignment by a linearly polarized ultraviolet light(UV) exposure was examined using two types of polyimide (PI). PI with a fluorene unit incorporated in a side chain showed LC alignment perpendicular to those of conventional PIs, i.e., perpendicular to the rubbing direction and parallel to the exposure polarization of UV. The results of the dichroic ratio measurement of LCcells,UVabsorption spectra,birefringence, infrared absorption spectra, and PI conformation calculations using molecular mechanics suggest that the photodecomposition of PI by UV exposure produces anisotropic van der Waals forces, which align LC along its optical axis.
A Method for the Formation of Polymer Walls in Liquid Crystal Polymer Mixtures
We have investigated the formation of polymer walls for high polymer content Liquid crystal (LC) formulations, using a patterned electric field to induce phase separation. The effect of this field on the phase separation temperature of a LC/monomer mixture is studied as a function of the photopolymerizable monomer concentration. The phase separation temperature increases with the patterned field strength. The application of a patterned field results in segregation of the LC molecules in the high electric field regions, i.e., pixels, whereas the monomers segregate in the low-field regions, i.e., interpixels. Subsequent photopolymerization results in the formation of polymer walls around the pixels. The structure of the polymer walls was investigated using scanning electron microscopy. (C) 1998 American Institute of Physics.